Ed Koch - Speaker
Chief Technology Officer
Abstract of presentation

Aggregated Demand Response Resources and the Role of Standard DR Signals

Aggregated Demand Response Resources and the Role of Standard DR Signals

Ed Koch
718 Lincoln Ave., Suite 210
San Rafael, CA 94901

Sila Kiliccote
Building Technologies Department
Demand Response Research Center
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Building 90-3111
Berkeley CA 94720

Emerging standards such as OpenADR enable DR Resources to interact directly with Utilities and Independent System Operators to allow their facility automation equipment to respond to a variety of DR signals ranging from day ahead to real time ancillary services. In addition there exists Aggregators in today’s markets that are capable of bringing together collections of aggregated DR assets and selling them to the grid as a single resource, but in most cases these aggregated resources do not respond in an automated fashion and when they do they typically use proprietary technologies. What is needed is a framework for dealing with aggregated resources that supports the following requirements:
•Allows resources to participate in multiple DR markets ranging from wholesale ancillary services to retail tariffs without being completely committed to a single entity like an Aggregator
•Allow aggregated groups of resources to be formed in an ad hoc fashion to address specific grid side issues and support the optimization of the collective response of an aggregated group along a number of different dimensions. This is important in order to match the aggregated performance envelope to the needs of the grid
•Allow aggregated groups to be formed in a hierarchical fashion so that each group can participate in a variety of markets from wholesale/ISO based ancillary services to distribution level retail programs

This paper explores the various issues of aggregated groups of DR resources, as described above, especially within the context of emerging smart grid standards and the role those standards will play in managing and interacting with aggregated DR resources.

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