Description of Demonstrating Interoperability

Building systems, especially those related to life safety and security, have been integrated for years. Newer advanced technology approaches are needed for system integration and interoperability of systems within the buildings (related to energy management) and must address issues very similar to those with the electric grid standardization including sequences of operation, database management, dashboards, and security. Presentations in this session will encompass interactions between home and commercial resources and the needs of the power systems (demand response).

Participants in Demonstrating Interoperability
Tracy Markie - Moderator
Engenuity Systems
Phil Davis - Speaker
Senior Manager
Schneider Electric

Using Interoperability and Advanced Architecture to Maintain Power Quality with Renewables

Solar and wind resources will become more common and widely dispersed in the near future. Unlike traditional generation, output is affected by time of day, weather, and even relative humidity. Grid operators must find offsetting and rapid forms of generation. Unfortunately, using traditional generation in this way creates more pollution as frequent ramps in output force operation in the dirty zone, counteracting the benefits of renewables. There is a better way.

A new generation of controls both on the customer and grid sides offers the potential to make the grid self balancing minimizing the need for specialized generation services. Known variously as Fast Acting Demand Response or "DR 2.0", these controls, and their associated resources make customers part of the solution. In the DR 2.0 world, customers also become vendors as controls systems gain the ability to communicate and and to interact directly with the grid, truly forming "the next Internet". Standards are the key.
Jim Sinopoli - Speaker
Smart Buildings LLC

Applying the Lessons of Building System Integration and Interoperability to the Smart Grid

Building systems, especially those related to life safety and security, have been integrated for years. Within the last decade however, building system integration has been officially recognized and codified, and newer advanced technology approaches have been used for system integration and interoperability. The latest approaches to integration of systems within the buildings, specifically related to energy management, are addressing issues very similar to those with the electric grid standardization, sequences of operation, database management, dashboards, and security.
This session presents straight forward information on integrated building systems: why these systems are being integrated, the costs and potential cost savings of integrated systems, the foundations needed for system integration, and the effect on project management and coordination with other team members. Case studies of enterprise building system integration will be presented. In addition an overview of the marketplace and industry will be discussed.
The challenges to deploying integration and interoperability in existing buildings and situations are amplified. Lacking in many of these efforts is initial proper planning, the standardized of naming conventions, data mining, validation of data, and document management. Approaches to meeting these challenges will be presented.
In addition to building system integration and interoperability, the session will indicate the energy software applications being deployed at the enterprise level including energy management, fault detection, demand response, and supply procurement most of which need to communicate with the grid.
Dave Olson - Speaker
VP of Business Development

Automating and Optimizing Demand Response to Solve the Peak Load Management Problem

Grid power demand peaks create management challenges for utilities. Increasingly, these challenges are being resolved using non-“supply side” solutions. While the use of curtailable load in Demand Response (DR) applications is a powerful solution to the problem of managing grid load peaks, it is not without its challenges. Delivering DR from commercial buildings can be difficult, costly and risky for building owners, and DR participation from electricity customers can be unreliable and unpredictable unless the right tools, processes, systems and training are in place.

Showcasing real-world examples, this session will explore how the thermal mass of a building can be used as a reliable and predictable source of system DR capacity. It will then discuss how automated and optimized DR technology can build and implement accurate relationships between DR lead time, DR duration, HVAC capacity, external environmental conditions and building occupancy by understanding the thermal characteristics of a building. Attendees will walk away with a strong understanding of how this technology automatically alerts utilities to critical peaks in the future load profiles of buildings enrolled in DR programs – allowing utilities to plan grid operations before a critical peak event occurs.
Ed Koch - Speaker
Chief Technology Officer

Aggregated Demand Response Resources and the Role of Standard DR Signals

Aggregated Demand Response Resources and the Role of Standard DR Signals

Ed Koch
718 Lincoln Ave., Suite 210
San Rafael, CA 94901

Sila Kiliccote
Building Technologies Department
Demand Response Research Center
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Building 90-3111
Berkeley CA 94720

Emerging standards such as OpenADR enable DR Resources to interact directly with Utilities and Independent System Operators to allow their facility automation equipment to respond to a variety of DR signals ranging from day ahead to real time ancillary services. In addition there exists Aggregators in today’s markets that are capable of bringing together collections of aggregated DR assets and selling them to the grid as a single resource, but in most cases these aggregated resources do not respond in an automated fashion and when they do they typically use proprietary technologies. What is needed is a framework for dealing with aggregated resources that supports the following requirements:
•Allows resources to participate in multiple DR markets ranging from wholesale ancillary services to retail tariffs without being completely committed to a single entity like an Aggregator
•Allow aggregated groups of resources to be formed in an ad hoc fashion to address specific grid side issues and support the optimization of the collective response of an aggregated group along a number of different dimensions. This is important in order to match the aggregated performance envelope to the needs of the grid
•Allow aggregated groups to be formed in a hierarchical fashion so that each group can participate in a variety of markets from wholesale/ISO based ancillary services to distribution level retail programs

This paper explores the various issues of aggregated groups of DR resources, as described above, especially within the context of emerging smart grid standards and the role those standards will play in managing and interacting with aggregated DR resources.

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